Metal halide perovskites have shown great promise as a high performance material for photovoltaic applications and has the potential to compete with silicon based photovoltaic systems. Perovskites are fast gaining popularity globally in the solar cell research field and finding their place in real world applications. The exceptional light absorption and charge transport properties of perovskites has made them highly attractive. The power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has increased from 9% in 2012 to over 22% in 2018, making it the fastest improving solar technology in history.
A well qualified system to fabricate your perovskite electronics should have:
Special considerations towards the materials used for the chamber and its internal components such as shields, shutters, and so on. The halides have the tendency to react with these materials and therefore degrade them over time. The right material must be chosen for manufacturing these parts to protect the build integrity of the system.
Precise cooling features to prevent low temperature materials from redepositing and causing film contamination.
A combination of a variety of deposition sources (pulsed-DC sputtering sources, resistive sources, effusion cells, just to name a few) in a suitable configuration to achieve a highly efficient device. The system could be configured as a single chamber system, a dual module system linked through a load lock or a multi-module radial cluster system.
Features such as stage cooling/heating, QCM film thickness monitoring and other custom performance-enhancing features.
The capability to integrate with glove box and other peripheral equipment such as spin coater, annealing chamber, encapsulator and film/device characterization equipment.
APP Systems Services Pte Ltd head-quartered (HQ) in Singapore is a premier sales and service provider for high technology products, in the fields of plasma, thin films (fabrication and characterization), vacuum technology, cryogenics, thermal and bioscience related technologies delivering solutions for critical processes in the semiconductor, solar, displays, data storage, optics, R & D institutions, pharmaceutical, biotech, environmental and the defence industries. We represent a stable of highly reputable brands who are world leaders in their field of expertise, such as Angstrom Engineering (Canada), SAMCO Inc. (Japan), Fischione Instruments (USA), RIBER (France) and Vertisis Technology (Singapore), just to name a few.